Alwaght | News & Analysis Website

Editor's Choice

News

Most Viewed

Day Week Month

In Focus

World against US Recognizing Al-Quds as Israeli Capital

World against US Recognizing Al-Quds as Israeli Capital

undefined
Myanmar Committing Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing against Rohingya Muslims

Myanmar Committing Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing against Rohingya Muslims

undefined
Awamiyah: Saudi Regime Killing Own Civilians

Awamiyah: Saudi Regime Killing Own Civilians

undefined
Qatar Row Deepens Persian Gulf States Rifts

Qatar Row Deepens Persian Gulf States Rifts

undefined
Ansarullah

Ansarullah

A Zaidi Shiite movement operating in Yemen. It seeks to establish a democratic government in Yemen.
Shiite

Shiite

represents the second largest denomination of Islam. Shiites believe Ali (peace be upon him) to be prophet"s successor in the Caliphate.
Resistance

Resistance

Axis of Resistances refers to countries and movements with common political goal, i.e., resisting against Zionist regime, America and other western powers. Iran, Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Hamas in Palestine are considered as the Axis of Resistance.
Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

A regional political u n i o n consisting of Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.
ISIS Terrorist Group

ISIS Terrorist Group

A terrorist group that fights against Resistance Axis in Syria and Iraq. It was founded & armed by America and its allies covertly.
Taliban

Taliban

Taliban is a Sunni fundamentalist movement in Afghanistan. It was founded by Mohammed Omar in 1994.
  Wahhabism & Extremism

Wahhabism & Extremism

Wahhabism is an extremist pseudo-Sunni movement, which labels non-Wahhabi Muslims as apostates thus paving the way for their bloodshed.
Kurds

Kurds

Kurds are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region, which spans adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They are an Iranian people and speak the Kurdish languages, which form a subgroup of the Northwestern Iranian branch of Iranian languages.
NATO

NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
Islamic Awakening

Islamic Awakening

Refers to a revival of the Islam throughout the world, that began in 1979 by Iranian Revolution that established an Islamic republic.
Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda

A militant Sunni organization founded by Osama bin Laden at some point between 1988 and 1989
New node

New node

Map of  Latest Battlefield Developments in Syria and Iraq on
alwaght.com
Analysis

Iraqi-Syrian Border’s Geopolitical Riddle

Thursday 2 July 2020
Iraqi-Syrian Border’s Geopolitical Riddle

Related Content

Iraq Launches Operation against ISIS near Syria Border

18 Iraqi Forces Killed as Airstrikes Hit Syrian-Iraqi Border Area

How Syria’s Al Bukamal Border Crossing is Important to Reopen?

Iraq-Jordan Main Border Crossing Opens after 2 Years

Alwaght- Although the ISIS was announced obliterated in Iraq in 2017, terrorism and protection of the country’s borders against threats posed by remnants of the terrorist group remain a significant issue for Baghdad. 

Even in the post-ISIS period, the shared borders with Syria are of great sensitivity to all of the actors involved in the Iraqi crisis. The main reason why the common borders with Syria matter in the present conditions is the corridor created on the borders by the self-proclaimed ISIS caliphate. 

The ISIS during the short life of its de facto state created a connection line between the two countries reaching Mosul in northern Iraq and Raqqa, the so-called capital of the caliphate, in Syria’s northeast. 

In addition to the ISIS, the military focus and deployment of the players active in the Syrian crisis on the border regions with Iraq over the past years of war gave special significance to the ground borders between the two Arab countries. This continued even under Iraq’s new Prime Minister Mostafa al-Kadhimi who seeks to take measures to tighten the control over this border region. 

Recent reports emanating from Baghdad suggest that the Iraqi military intelligence commanders who act under the direct supervision of the ministry of defense held a meeting to discuss the security circumstances in the border regions with Syria. 

According to a military intelligence statement, the leaders of the body discussed the latest security developments on the Iraq-Syrian borders and the future measures to boost the security levels and keep an eye on the suspicious movement of terrorist factions. 

But as the shreds of evidence show, the Iraqi government is likely planning to give some changes to the way its forces are stationed in the border area. It is not only al-Kadhimi who seeks to take a new strategy on the shared borders with Syria. Foreign actors especially the US is very closely following the Iraqi military makeup on the border with Syria. 

Strategic considerations of the rival actors on the Syrian-Iraqi borders 

Iraq and Syria share 605 kilometers of ground borders, a major part of which lies along Syria’s Deir ez-Zor and Iraq’s Al-Anbar. 

Under the new conditions, in the mysterious rivalry to take control of the shared border regions, there are two competitors: One is the Axis of Resistance that includes Iran and its regional allies which after the crises caused by the rise of ISIS looked the Syrian-Iraqi borders as the heart of their bonds and strategic influence in the region. 

On the opposite side is the US, Israeli regime, and some of the Persian Gulf Arab monarchies which want the borders to be controlled by forces other than Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), or locally Hashd al-Sha’abi. Their final goal is to see the border region with Syria to be controlled by the Iraqi military forces, something helping weaken the Resistance camp’s influence in the whole West Asia region. Although before the emergence of ISIS sway on the borders was not a significant issue, in the new era gaining control of the Syrian-Iraqi borders became of extraordinary significance for two opposite sides. 

Strategic Al-Qa’em (Abu Kamal) border crossing, the focal point in the competition     

A look at the alliances demonstrates that the strategic rivalry between the two sides in the Iraqi-Syrian developments is focusing on a border crossing known in Iraq Al-Qa’em and in Syria Abu Kamal. On the Syrian side, the border crossing is located in Deir ez-Zor in the south of Euphrates River in the extreme southeast of Syria. The Iraqi part of it is located in Al-Anbar province in Iraq’s west. The vital border gate was closed down when ISIS emerged in late 2013. It was reopened in late September last year as the situation backed to normal. 

In the liberation of the border crossing area and protection of the regions around it, the PMF played an undeniably distinguished role. Even after ISIS obliteration was announced officially, the voluntary force kept guarding the border crossing which is located in a desert. 

But now Washington and Tel Aviv seek, through pressures, to persuade the Iraqi PM to give the administration of the crossing, which has a key place in security and Syrian-Iraqi trade, to the army forces. 

Although this request and reasoning in the first place do not look reasonable, the leading goal is the removal of the PMF military bases on the borders with Syria. To put it simply, the Americans want the Hashd forces away from the border regions. 

Washington seeks four objectives behind this intention 

1. Undermining the PMF’s position geopolitically and politically. 

2. Distancing the PMF from borders. This can open the US hands to revive ISIS and use it as an excuse to justify its military stay in Iraq. 

3. Causing gaps among the Iraqi armed forces through dragging the PMF into a confrontation with the army and government. 

4. Another objective is to cut off bonds of the Axis of Resistance across the region. But this remains a dream with regard to the power boost the Resistance is getting day by day.

 

Tags :

Iraq US PMF Border Crossing ISIS

Comments
Name :
Email :
* Text :
Send

Gallery

Photo

Film

Massive Blast in Beirut Sends Shockwaves across City

Massive Blast in Beirut Sends Shockwaves across City