Alwaght | News & Analysis Website

Editor's Choice

News

Most Viewed

In Focus

World against US Recognizing Al-Quds as Israeli Capital

World against US Recognizing Al-Quds as Israeli Capital

undefined
Myanmar Committing Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing against Rohingya Muslims

Myanmar Committing Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing against Rohingya Muslims

undefined
Awamiyah: Saudi Regime Killing Own Civilians

Awamiyah: Saudi Regime Killing Own Civilians

undefined
Qatar Row Deepens Persian Gulf States Rifts

Qatar Row Deepens Persian Gulf States Rifts

undefined
Ansarullah

Ansarullah

A Zaidi Shiite movement operating in Yemen. It seeks to establish a democratic government in Yemen.
Shiite

Shiite

represents the second largest denomination of Islam. Shiites believe Ali (peace be upon him) to be prophet"s successor in the Caliphate.
Resistance

Resistance

Axis of Resistances refers to countries and movements with common political goal, i.e., resisting against Zionist regime, America and other western powers. Iran, Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Hamas in Palestine are considered as the Axis of Resistance.
Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

A regional political u n i o n consisting of Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.
ISIS Terrorist Group

ISIS Terrorist Group

A terrorist group that fights against Resistance Axis in Syria and Iraq. It was founded & armed by America and its allies covertly.
Taliban

Taliban

Taliban is a Sunni fundamentalist movement in Afghanistan. It was founded by Mohammed Omar in 1994.
  Wahhabism & Extremism

Wahhabism & Extremism

Wahhabism is an extremist pseudo-Sunni movement, which labels non-Wahhabi Muslims as apostates thus paving the way for their bloodshed.
Kurds

Kurds

Kurds are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region, which spans adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They are an Iranian people and speak the Kurdish languages, which form a subgroup of the Northwestern Iranian branch of Iranian languages.
NATO

NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
Islamic Awakening

Islamic Awakening

Refers to a revival of the Islam throughout the world, that began in 1979 by Iranian Revolution that established an Islamic republic.
Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda

A militant Sunni organization founded by Osama bin Laden at some point between 1988 and 1989
New node

New node

Map of  Latest Battlefield Developments in Syria and Iraq on
alwaght.com
Analysis

Why Is Iraq Worried About Turkey’s Ilisu Dam Inauguration?

Friday 5 June 2020
Why Is Iraq Worried About Turkey’s Ilisu Dam Inauguration?

Alwaght- On May 20, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan started the first turbine at the Ilısu Dam on the Tigris River in the southeastern Mardin province. Pointing to the dam projects started by Turkey over the past years, Erdogan said that in 2002, the year he took the power in the country, Turkey had 276 dams. Under his government, 585 other dams were built, he said, adding that the country plans to open 403 more projects in the dam industry in 2020.

Although Ilısu Dam is the continuation of the dam industry of Turkey over the past years, it seems to have a considerable influence on the rivers of Tigris and Euphrates, with the biggest loser meanwhile being Iraq and consequently Syria. Over the past decades, Ankara used water as a tool to put pressure on other countries. The Ilisu Dam is the ultimate instrument in Erdogan’s hand to exploit politically the dam building policy and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Ilisu Dam, a tool for political and geostrategic pressure

Ilisu Dam is part of the Great Anatolia Project (GAP) which eyes building 22 dams and reservoirs (14 dams on Euphrates and 8 on Tigris.) The project targets building 19 hydroelectricity plants in 9 provinces in an area of 75,358 square kilometers. 

Although Turkey has only 45,145 square kilometers (24.5 percent) of the Tigris drainage basin and 400 kilometers (22 percent) of its length and provides 25.24 billion square meters (52 percent) of the annual flow of Tigris water, its Tigris dams’ water storage capacity is 17.6 billion square meters, while the average water flow of the river near the Iraqi-Turkish border is 16.8 billion square meters. This means that Turkey has the capacity to store behind its dams all of the water of Tigris. 

Also, the country has 125,000 square kilometers (28.2 percent) of the Euphrates drainage basin and 1,230 kilometers (41 percent) of its length and provides 31.58 billion square meters (89 percent) of its annual water flow. But its Euphrates dams’ storage capacity is announced to be 95-100 billion square meters. Only the capacity of the two dams of Ataturk and Keban is said to be 79.6 billion square meters. That is while the average water flow in the basin is only 30 billion square meters. The whole storage capacity of the Turkish dams over Tigris and Euphrates rivers is 1.5 times more than the flowing water, however. 

Moreover, from the 23 million residents of the Euphrates basin, only 31 percent live in Turkey. 44 percent of the rest live in Iraq and 25 percent live in Syria. From the 23.5 million people living along the Tigris basin, only 15 percent live in Turkey. 79 percent live in Iraq and 6 percent live in Syria. The Ilisu Dam will have annually 2.8 billion Turkish lira in added value for Turkey’s economy. 

Iraq severely concerned about Ilisu Dam inauguration 

The opening of the Ilisu Dam has certainly concerned Iraq more than any other country. According to Aoun Diab, an Iraqi environment expert, the recent years’ precipitation cause Iraq at least currently not feel the consequences of water shortage. The studies show, he said, that the Ilisu Dam as the second-largest Turkish dam will cut the Iraqi water reception from Tigris to 10 billion square meters from the current 21 billion square meters. This will deprive 700,000 acres of Iraq’s farmlands of irrigation and will displace about 80,000 more of the residents of the region. 

According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 100,000 Iraqis since 2005 were displaced by water shortage. In 2009, a report said that 70 percent of the qanats of the Iraqi region dried up, putting 36,000 Iraqis face to face with a risk of displacement. 

Ilisu Dam has been the reason for increasing desertification, land erosion, and drainage of lagoons, especially Hor Al-Howaiza lagoon in Iraq, turning it into one of the main origins of dust storms in Iran. Actually, the Turkish dam is three times as capacious as Iran’s biggest dam Karkheh. This means that water cannot flow to Tigris and Euphrates rivers on the Iraqi side should it start filling, causing environment and humanitarian damages. 

The Iraqi officials are now more than any other time worried about the inauguration of the Turkish dam. In the summer of 2018, while Turkey experimentally filled the Ilisu Dam reservoir for a week, Iraq filed a complaint against Turkey as its Tigris water share dramatically fell. Turkey then halted filling the dam. 

Baghdad argues that filling Ilisu Dam will leave Iraq feeling a severe water crisis because Tigris is one of the two main origins of water supply across Iraq. The Iraqi government can once again file a suit with International organizations against Turkish resumption of filling the new dam as it unavoidably will face a water shortage crisis should Turkey go ahead with the filling operation.

 

Tags :

Iraq Turkey Dam Water Shortage Crisis Environment

Comments
Name :
Email :
* Text :
Send

Gallery

Photo

Film

Burning  US Flag in Front of  Trump Tower

Burning US Flag in Front of Trump Tower